Book Image

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

By : Denis Rothman
Book Image

Transformers for Natural Language Processing

By: Denis Rothman

Overview of this book

The transformer architecture has proved to be revolutionary in outperforming the classical RNN and CNN models in use today. With an apply-as-you-learn approach, Transformers for Natural Language Processing investigates in vast detail the deep learning for machine translations, speech-to-text, text-to-speech, language modeling, question answering, and many more NLP domains with transformers. The book takes you through NLP with Python and examines various eminent models and datasets within the transformer architecture created by pioneers such as Google, Facebook, Microsoft, OpenAI, and Hugging Face. The book trains you in three stages. The first stage introduces you to transformer architectures, starting with the original transformer, before moving on to RoBERTa, BERT, and DistilBERT models. You will discover training methods for smaller transformers that can outperform GPT-3 in some cases. In the second stage, you will apply transformers for Natural Language Understanding (NLU) and Natural Language Generation (NLG). Finally, the third stage will help you grasp advanced language understanding techniques such as optimizing social network datasets and fake news identification. By the end of this NLP book, you will understand transformers from a cognitive science perspective and be proficient in applying pretrained transformer models by tech giants to various datasets.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Basic samples

Basic samples seem intuitively simple but can be tricky to analyze. Compound sentences, adjectives, adverbs, and modals are not easy to identify, even for non-expert humans.

Let's begin with an easy sample for the transformer.

Sample 1

The first sample is long but relatively easy for the transformer:

"Did Bob really think he could prepare a meal for 50 people in only a few hours?"

Run Sample 1 cell in SRL.ipynb:

!echo '{"sentence": "Did Bob really think he could prepare a meal for 50 people in only a few hours?"}' | \
allennlp predict -

The transformer identified the verb "think," for example, as we can see in the following excerpt of the raw output of the cell:

prediction:  {"verbs": [{"verb": "think", "description": "Did [ARG0: Bob] [ARGM-ADV: really...