Book Image

MQTT Essentials - A Lightweight IoT Protocol

5 (1)
Book Image

MQTT Essentials - A Lightweight IoT Protocol

5 (1)

Overview of this book

This step-by-step guide will help you gain a deep understanding of the lightweight MQTT protocol. We’ll begin with the specific vocabulary of MQTT and its working modes, followed by installing a Mosquitto MQTT broker. Then, you will use best practices to secure the MQTT Mosquitto broker to ensure that only authorized clients are able to publish and receive messages. Once you have secured the broker with the appropriate configuration, you will develop a solution that controls a drone with Python. Further on, you will use Python on a Raspberry Pi 3 board to process commands and Python on Intel Boards (Joule, Edison and Galileo). You will then connect to the MQTT broker, subscribe to topics, send messages, and receive messages in Python. You will also develop a solution that interacts with sensors in Java by working with MQTT messages. Moving forward, you will work with an asynchronous API with callbacks to make the sensors interact with MQTT messages. Following the same process, you will develop an iOS app with Swift 3, build a website that uses WebSockets to connect to the MQTT broker, and control home automation devices with HTML5, JavaScript code, Node.js and MQTT messages
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
MQTT Essentials - A Lightweight IoT Protocol
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Receiving messages with Python

We will use the recently installed paho-mqtt module to subscribe to a specific topic and run code when we receive messages in the topic. We will create a DroneCommandProcessor class to represent a command processor associated to an instance of the previously coded Drone class, configure the MQTT client, the subscription to the client, and declare the code for the callbacks that are going to be executed when certain events are fired.

We will split the code for the DroneCommandProcessor class in many code snippets to make it easier to understand each code section. The following lines declare the DroneCommandProcessor class and its constructor, that is, the __init__ method. The code file for the sample is included in the mqtt_essentials_gaston_hillar_03 folder, in the file:

class DroneCommandProcessor:
    commands_topic = ""
    processed_commands_topic = ""
    active_instance = None

    def __init__(self, name, drone):