Book Image

Mastering Hibernate

By : Ramin Rad, Koushik Srinivas Kothagal
Book Image

Mastering Hibernate

By: Ramin Rad, Koushik Srinivas Kothagal

Overview of this book

Hibernate has been so successful since its inception that it even influenced the Java Enterprise Edition specification in that the Java Persistence API was dramatically changed to do it the Hibernate way. Hibernate is the tool that solves the complex problem of Object Relational Mapping. It can be used in both Java Enterprise applications as well as .Net applications. Additionally, it can be used for both SQL and NoSQL data stores. Some developers learn the basics of Hibernate and hit the ground quickly. But when demands go beyond the basics, they take a reactive approach instead of learning the fundamentals and core concepts. However, the secret to success for any good developer is knowing and understanding the tools at your disposal. It’s time to learn about your tool to use it better This book first explores the internals of Hibernate by discussing what occurs inside a Hibernate session and how Entities are managed. Then, we cover core topics such as mapping, querying, caching, and we demonstrate how to use a wide range of very useful annotations. Additionally, you will learn how to create event listeners or interceptors utilizing the improved architecture in the latest version of Hibernate.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)

Inheritance


One of the biggest challenges in mapping objects to relations is inheritance. Relational databases do not support this concept. So, ORM solutions need to get creative when dealing with this issue. JPA specifies several strategies, all of which are implemented by Hibernate and these will be discussed here.

Single table strategy

The default strategy to support class hierarchy, in the case of inheritance, is single table strategy. If you don't specify any strategy, Hibernate will look for (or create) a single table with the name of the parent class. This table has columns for every attribute in all the classes in the inheritance model. Let's consider the following superclass and its subclasses:

@Entity
public class Person {
  @Id
  @GeneratedValue
  private long id;
  
  private String firstname;
  private String lastname;

}
  
@Entity
public class Driver extends Person {

  @Column(name="LIC_NUM")
  private String licenseNumber;

}

@Entity
public class Passenger extends Person ...