Book Image

Linux Shell Scripting Bootcamp

By : James K Lewis
Book Image

Linux Shell Scripting Bootcamp

By: James K Lewis

Overview of this book

Linux Shell Scripting Bootcamp is all about learning the essentials of script creation, validating parameters, and checking for the existence of files and other items needed by the script. We will use scripts to explore iterative operations using loops and learn different types of loop statements, with their differences. Along with this, we will also create a numbered backup script for backup files. Further, you will get well-versed with how variables work on a Linux system and how they relate to scripts. You’ll also learn how to create and call subroutines in a script and create interactive scripts. The most important archive commands, zip and tar, are also discussed for performing backups. Later, you will dive deeper by understanding the use of wget and curl scripts and the use of checksum and file encryption in further chapters. Finally, you will learn how to debug scripts and scripting best practices that will enable you to write a great code every time! By the end of the book, you will be able to write shell scripts that can dig data from the web and process it efficiently.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)
Linux Shell Scripting Bootcamp
About the Author
About the Reviewer
Customer Feedback

File encryption

There are times you might want to encrypt some important and/or confidential files on your system. Some people store their passwords in a file on their computers, this is probably okay but only if some type of file encryption is being used. There are many encryption programs available, here we will show OpenSSL.

The OpenSSL command line tool is very popular and is most likely already installed on your computer (it came by default on my CentOS 6.8 systems). It has several options and methods of encryption, however we will cover just the basics.

Using file1.txt again from above try the following on your system:

We start by performing a sum on the file1.txt file, then run openssl. Here is the syntax:

  • enc: specify which encoding to use, in this case it's aes-256-cbc

  • -in: the input file

  • -out: the output file

  • -d: decrypt

After running the openssl command we perform an ls -la to verify that the output file was indeed created.

We then decrypt the file. Note the order of the files and...