Book Image

Puppet 5 Essentials - Third Edition

By : Martin Alfke, Felix Frank
Book Image

Puppet 5 Essentials - Third Edition

By: Martin Alfke, Felix Frank

Overview of this book

Puppet is a configuration management tool that allows you to automate all your IT configurations, giving you control over what you do to each Puppet Agent in a network, and when and how you do it. In this age of digital delivery and ubiquitous Internet presence, it's becoming increasingly important to implement scaleable and portable solutions, not only in terms of software, but also the system that runs it. This book gets you started quickly with Puppet and its tools in the right way. It highlights improvements in Puppet and provides solutions for upgrading. It starts with a quick introduction to Puppet in order to quickly get your IT automation platform in place. Then you learn about the Puppet Agent and its installation and configuration along with Puppet Server and its scaling options. The book adopts an innovative structure and approach, and Puppet is explained with flexible use cases that empower you to manage complex infrastructures easily. Finally, the book will take readers through Puppet and its companion tools such as Facter, Hiera, and R10k and how to make use of tool chains.
Table of Contents (10 chapters)

Learning lambdas and functions

Functions have long been an essential part of Puppet. Due to the new type system, a complete new set of functions have become possible functions with different behavior based on parameter data types.

To understand functions, we first have to take a look at lambdas, which are introduced in Puppet 4. Lambdas represent a snippet of Puppet code, which can be used in functions. Syntactically, lambdas consist of an optional type and at least one variable with optional defaults set, enclosed in pipe signs (|), followed by Puppet code inside a block of curly braces:

$packages = ['htop', 'less', 'vim']
each($packages) |String $package|
package { $package:
ensure => latest,

Lambdas are typically used on functions. The preceding example uses the each function on the $packages variable, iterating over its contents...