Book Image

Networking Fundamentals

By : Gordon Davies
Book Image

Networking Fundamentals

By: Gordon Davies

Overview of this book

A network is a collection of computers, servers, mobile devices, or other computing devices connected for sharing data. This book will help you become well versed in basic networking concepts and prepare to pass Microsoft's MTA Networking Fundamentals Exam 98-366. Following Microsoft's official syllabus, the book starts by covering network infrastructures to help you differentiate intranets, internets, and extranets, and learn about network topologies. You’ll then get up to date with common network hardware devices such as routers and switches and the media types used to connect them together. As you advance, the book will take you through different protocols and services and the requirements to follow a standardized approach to networking. You’ll get to grips with the OSI and TCP/IP models as well as IPv4 and IPv6. The book also shows you how to recall IP addresses through name resolution. Finally, you’ll be able to practice everything you’ve learned and take the exam confidently with the help of mock tests. By the end of this networking book, you’ll have developed a strong foundation in the essential networking concepts needed to pass Exam 98-366.
Table of Contents (23 chapters)
Free Chapter
Section 1: Network Infrastructure
Section 2: Network Hardware
Section 3: Protocols and Services
Section 4: Mock Exams
Mock Exam 1
Mock Exam 2


I need to make two things abundantly clear from the outset. First, despite its name, the WINS does not work over the internet; it only works internally. Secondly, do not deploy WINS if you have DNS. Even Microsoft recommends this course of action. This is because WINS is a legacy service. However, it is one of the exam objectives, so we need to discuss it.

WINS is similar to DNS in that it resolves names to IP addresses; however, it deals with NetBIOS names, rather than an FQDN. The NetBIOS is, in essence, the hostname on its own, that is, without a domain, TLD, or root. This format is known as a single-label, unqualified domain name. Like DNS, a server that's called a WINS server needs to be available.

There are certain steps that need to be performed to configure a host to use WINS. We will discuss this in the upcoming sections.