Book Image

Large Scale Machine Learning with Python

By : Bastiaan Sjardin, Alberto Boschetti
Book Image

Large Scale Machine Learning with Python

By: Bastiaan Sjardin, Alberto Boschetti

Overview of this book

Large Python machine learning projects involve new problems associated with specialized machine learning architectures and designs that many data scientists have yet to tackle. But finding algorithms and designing and building platforms that deal with large sets of data is a growing need. Data scientists have to manage and maintain increasingly complex data projects, and with the rise of big data comes an increasing demand for computational and algorithmic efficiency. Large Scale Machine Learning with Python uncovers a new wave of machine learning algorithms that meet scalability demands together with a high predictive accuracy. Dive into scalable machine learning and the three forms of scalability. Speed up algorithms that can be used on a desktop computer with tips on parallelization and memory allocation. Get to grips with new algorithms that are specifically designed for large projects and can handle bigger files, and learn about machine learning in big data environments. We will also cover the most effective machine learning techniques on a map reduce framework in Hadoop and Spark in Python.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
Large Scale Machine Learning with Python
About the Authors
About the Reviewer

Sharing variables across cluster nodes

When we're working on a distributed environment, sometimes it is required to share information across nodes so that all the nodes can operate using consistent variables. Spark handles this case by providing two kinds of variables: read-only and write-only variables. By not ensuring that a shared variable is both readable and writable anymore, it also drops the consistency requirement, letting the hard work of managing this situation fall on the developer's shoulders. Usually, a solution is quickly reached as Spark is really flexible and adaptive.

Broadcast read-only variables

Broadcast variables are variables shared by the driver node, that is, the node running the IPython Notebook in our configuration, with all the nodes in the cluster. It's a read-only variable as the variable is broadcast by one node and never read back if another node changes it.

Let's now see how it works on a simple example: we want to one-hot encode a dataset containing just gender...