Book Image

Learning Raspbian

By : William Harrington
Book Image

Learning Raspbian

By: William Harrington

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (15 chapters)
Learning Raspbian
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Environmental variables

Another powerful feature of bash is the use of environmental variables. Environmental variables are values that are stored in memory and can be used to temporarily store information and settings. One example of this is the PATH variable. The PATH variable tells bash where to look for any programs if they aren't in the current directory.

All the current environmental variables set can be displayed using the printenv command. They are loaded into memory automatically when your Raspberry Pi boots up.

Some of the environmental variables set up by default in Raspbian

You can define your own environmental variables easily in bash. By convention, in bash, all environmental variables are defined using capital letters.

To define an environmental variable, you can do as shown in the following screenshot:

Defining the MY_VARIABLE environmental value

Environmental variables can be used just as easily. To use an environmental variable, simply add $ before it.

Using the MY_VARIABLE environmental...