Book Image

CompTIA PenTest+ Study Guide

By : Mike Chapple, David Seidl
Book Image

CompTIA PenTest+ Study Guide

By: Mike Chapple, David Seidl

Overview of this book

The CompTIA PenTest+ Study Guide: Exam PT0-001 offers comprehensive preparation for the newest intermediate cybersecurity certification exam. With expert coverage of Exam PT0-001 objectives, this book is your ideal companion throughout all stages of study; whether you’re just embarking on your certification journey or finalizing preparations for the big day, this invaluable resource helps you solidify your understanding of essential skills and concepts. The book shows how to perform security assessments on desktops, mobile devices, cloud, IoT, as well as industrial and embedded systems. You'll learn how to identify security weaknesses and manage system vulnerabilities. As you progress, you'll learn methods to ensure that existing cybersecurity practices, configurations, and policies conform with current best practices. You'll assess your knowledge by simulating cyber attacks to pinpoint security weaknesses in operating systems, networks, and applications. By the end of the book, you'll have all the resources you need to prepare for the exam - identify what you already know, learn what you don’t know, and face the exam with full confidence.
Table of Contents (21 chapters)
Free Chapter
1
Acknowledgments
2
About the Authors
3
Introduction
4
Assessment Test
5
Answers to Assessment Test
18
Index
19
Advert
20
End User License Agreement

Exploiting Authorization Vulnerabilities

We’ve explored injection vulnerabilities that allow an attacker to send code to backend systems and authentication vulnerabilities that allow an attacker to assume the identity of a legitimate user. Let’s now take a look at some authorization vulnerabilities that allow an attacker to exceed the level of access for which they are authorized.

Insecure Direct Object References

In some cases, web developers design an application to directly retrieve information from a database based upon an argument provided by the user in either a query string or a POST request. For example, this query string might be used to retrieve a document from a document management system:

https://www.mycompany.com/getDocument.php?documentID=1842

There is nothing wrong with this approach, as long as the application also implements other authorization mechanisms. The application is still responsible for ensuring that the user is properly authenticated and is...