Book Image

Digital Forensics and Incident Response - Second Edition

By : Gerard Johansen
Book Image

Digital Forensics and Incident Response - Second Edition

By: Gerard Johansen

Overview of this book

An understanding of how digital forensics integrates with the overall response to cybersecurity incidents is key to securing your organization's infrastructure from attacks. This updated second edition will help you perform cutting-edge digital forensic activities and incident response. After focusing on the fundamentals of incident response that are critical to any information security team, you’ll move on to exploring the incident response framework. From understanding its importance to creating a swift and effective response to security incidents, the book will guide you with the help of useful examples. You’ll later get up to speed with digital forensic techniques, from acquiring evidence and examining volatile memory through to hard drive examination and network-based evidence. As you progress, you’ll discover the role that threat intelligence plays in the incident response process. You’ll also learn how to prepare an incident response report that documents the findings of your analysis. Finally, in addition to various incident response activities, the book will address malware analysis, and demonstrate how you can proactively use your digital forensic skills in threat hunting. By the end of this book, you’ll have learned how to efficiently investigate and report unwanted security breaches and incidents in your organization.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Section 1: Foundations of Incident Response and Digital Forensics
Section 2: Evidence Acquisition
Section 3: Analyzing Evidence
Section 4: Specialist Topics

Memory analysis with strings

In the previous sections, the Redline and Volatility tools focused on those areas of the memory image that are mapped. In the event that data is not properly mapped, these tools would be unable to extract the data and present it properly. This is one of the drawbacks of these tools for memory analysis. There is a good deal of data that will become unstructured and invisible to these tools. This could be the case when network connections are shut down or processes are exited. Even though they may not show up when the RAM is examined via Redline or Volatility, trace evidence will often still be present.

One tool that is useful for extracting these traces is the strings command present in many of the Linux and Windows OSes. Strings allows a responder to search for human-readable strings of characters. Given a set of keywords or GREP (short for Global...