Book Image

State Management with React Query

By : Daniel Afonso
Book Image

State Management with React Query

By: Daniel Afonso

Overview of this book

State management, a crucial aspect of the React ecosystem, has gained significant attention in recent times. While React offers various libraries and tools to handle state, each with different approaches and perspectives, one thing is clear: state management solutions for handling client state are not optimized for dealing with server state. React Query was created to address this issue of managing your server state, and this guide will equip you with the knowledge and skills needed to effectively use React Query for state management. Starting with a brief history of state management in the React ecosystem, you’ll find out what prompted the split from a global state to client and server state and thus understand the need for React Query. As you progress through the chapters, you'll see how React Query enables you to perform server state tasks such as fetching, caching, updating, and synchronizing your data with the server. But that’s not all; once you’ve mastered React Query, you’ll be able to apply this knowledge to handle server state with server-side rendering frameworks as well. You’ll also work with patterns to test your code by leveraging the testing library and Mock Service Worker. By the end of this book, you'll have gained a new perspective of state and be able to leverage React Query to overcome the obstacles associated with server state.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)
Part 1: Understanding State and Getting to Know React Query
Part 2: Managing Server State with React Query

Using the initialData pattern

The initialData pattern is an option you can set in your useQuery hook. With this option, you can feed useQuery with the data that it will use to initialize a specific query.

This is the process of how to leverage the best of your server-side framework and React Query with the initialData option:

  1. The first thing you do is prefetch your data on the server side and send it to your component.
  2. Inside your component, you render your query using the useQuery hook.
  3. Inside this hook, you add the initialData option and pass the data you prefetched on the server to it.

Let’s now see how to use this pattern in Next.js.

Applying the initialData pattern in Next.js

In the following snippet, we will fetch some data on the server using Next.js getServerSideProps and then leverage the initialData pattern to feed the data to React Query:

import axios from "axios";
import { useQuery } from "@tanstack/react-query&quot...