Book Image

Full-Stack React, TypeScript, and Node

By : David Choi
2 (1)
Book Image

Full-Stack React, TypeScript, and Node

2 (1)
By: David Choi

Overview of this book

React sets the standard for building high-performance client-side web apps. Node.js is a scalable application server that is used in thousands of websites, while GraphQL is becoming the standard way for large websites to provide data and services to their users. Together, these technologies, when reinforced with the capabilities of TypeScript, provide a cutting-edge stack for complete web application development. This book takes a hands-on approach to implementing modern web technologies and the associated methodologies for building full-stack apps. You’ll begin by gaining a strong understanding of TypeScript and how to use it to build high-quality web apps. The chapters that follow delve into client-side development with React using the new Hooks API and Redux. Next, you’ll get to grips with server-side development with Express, including authentication with Redis-based sessions and accessing databases with TypeORM. The book will then show you how to use Apollo GraphQL to build web services for your full-stack app. Later, you’ll learn how to build GraphQL schemas and integrate them with React using Hooks. Finally, you’ll focus on how to deploy your application onto an NGINX server using the AWS cloud. By the end of this book, you’ll be able to build and deploy complete high-performance web applications using React, Node, and GraphQL.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Section 1:Understanding TypeScript and How It Can Improve Your JavaScript
Section 2: Learning Single-Page Application Development Using React
Section 3: Understanding Web Service Development Using Express and GraphQL
Chapter 16: Adding a GraphQL Schema – Part II

Understanding GraphQL schemas

As stated, GraphQL is a language used to provide structure and type information to our entity data. Regardless of which vendor's implementation of GraphQL is used on the server, our client can expect the same data structures to be returned. This ability to abstract away the implementation details of servers to clients is one of the strengths of GraphQL.

Let's create a simple GraphQL schema and see what it looks like:

  1. In the Chap9 folder, create a new folder called graphql-schema.
  2. Open your terminal in that folder and then run this command, accepting the defaults:
    npm init
  3. Now install these packages:
    npm i express apollo-server-express @types/express
  4. Initialize TypeScript with this command:
    tsc -init

    Notice, after this command completes, that the default tsconfig.json setting is strict.

  5. Create a new TypeScript file called typeDefs.ts and add this to it:
    import { gql } from "apollo-server-express";

    This import gets...