Book Image

Learning Shell Scripting with Zsh

By : Gaston Festari
Book Image

Learning Shell Scripting with Zsh

By: Gaston Festari

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (13 chapters)


The shell allows you to perform different types of manipulations right before executing a line. In the following section we'll learn how to take advantage of each of the different forms of expansion and substitution available in zsh.

Parameter expansion

Parameter expansion allows you to replace known variables in between the assignments of the command line. Simply put, parameter substitution is the mechanism by which the shell can change the following:

% foo=Hello

It will be changed to the following:

% echo "${foo}, world!"
> Hello, world!

Notice how the variable foo we declared in the previous line is replaced inside the arguments of echo with its actual value. You should be paying special attention to that peculiar ${} construction. What happens is that when zsh reads the ${foo} construction, it immediately knows it has to replace what's in it with whatever value it holds.

The astute reader might also have taken notice of the double quotes that surround the echo arguments. It...