#### Overview of this book

This cookbook offers a range of data analysis samples in simple and straightforward R code, providing step-by-step resources and time-saving methods to help you solve data problems efficiently. The first section deals with how to create R functions to avoid the unnecessary duplication of code. You will learn how to prepare, process, and perform sophisticated ETL for heterogeneous data sources with R packages. An example of data manipulation is provided, illustrating how to use the “dplyr” and “data.table” packages to efficiently process larger data structures. We also focus on “ggplot2” and show you how to create advanced figures for data exploration. In addition, you will learn how to build an interactive report using the “ggvis” package. Later chapters offer insight into time series analysis on financial data, while there is detailed information on the hot topic of machine learning, including data classification, regression, clustering, association rule mining, and dimension reduction. By the end of this book, you will understand how to resolve issues and will be able to comfortably offer solutions to problems encountered while performing data analysis.
R for Data Science Cookbook
Credits
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Free Chapter
Functions in R
Data Preprocessing and Preparation
Visualizing Data with ggplot2
Making Interactive Reports
Simulation from Probability Distributions
Statistical Inference in R
Time Series Mining with R
Index

## Using scales

Besides changing the appearance of axes and legends, we can rescale the mapping of the data and how it should be displayed on the plot with the scale function. In this recipe, we introduce how to scale data in `ggvis`.

Ensure you have installed and loaded `ggvis` into your R session. Also, you need to complete the previous steps by storing `house` in your R environment.

### How to do it …

Please perform the following steps to rescale data in `ggvis`:

1. First, create a bar plot and then replace the linear scale with a power scale:

```> house %>% ggvis(~Status, ~Price, fill=~Status) %>% layer_bars() %>% scale_numeric("y", trans = "pow", exponent = 0.2)
```

Figure 26. Adjusting the scale of the bar plot

2. We can change the fill color with the `scale_nominal` function:

```> house %>% ggvis(~Status, ~Price, fill=~Status) %>% layer_bars() %>% scale_nominal("fill", range = c("pink", "green", "lightblue"))
```

Figure 27. Changing the fill color of the bar plot

### How it works…

In the previous...