Book Image

Learning Responsive Data Visualization

By : Christoph Körner
Book Image

Learning Responsive Data Visualization

By: Christoph Körner

Overview of this book

Using D3.js and Responsive Design principles, you will not just be able to implement visualizations that look and feel awesome across all devices and screen resolutions, but you will also boost your productivity and reduce development time by making use of Bootstrap—the most popular framework for developing responsive web applications. This book teaches the basics of scalable vector graphics (SVG), D3.js, and Bootstrap while focusing on Responsive Design as well as mobile-first visualizations; the reader will start by discovering Bootstrap and how it can be used for creating responsive applications, and then implement a basic bar chart in D3.js. You will learn about loading, parsing, and filtering data in JavaScript and then dive into creating a responsive visualization by using Media Queries, responsive interactions for Mobile and Desktop devices, and transitions to bring the visualization to life. In the following chapters, we build a fully responsive interactive map to display geographic data using GeoJSON and set up integration testing with Protractor to test the application across real devices using a mobile API gateway such as AWS Device Farm. You will finish the journey by discovering the caveats of mobile-first applications and learn how to master cross-browser complications.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Learning Responsive Data Visualization
Credits
About the Author
About the Reviewer
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Index

Preface

Data visualizations are the best way to understand complex information and data. The human brain perceives visual information easily; it can make connections and is able to understand the complete process easier than without visualizations.

I am always delighted with the positive feedback from users whenever they understand a complex system easily by looking at a data visualization, instead of going through explanatory text and raw data. With the power of the Web and modern browsers, I can share these visualizations with everyone and make them interactive and animated.

To power cross-browser interactive visualization, I didn't want any compromise with regards to performance, debugging, quality, and interactivity, which led me to SVG. After deciding for SVG, I looked for a framework for SVG transformations giving raw access to all its underlying standards while also providing a rich set of visualization features - the D3.js library provides all of these.

D3.js is a visualization toolkit that facilitates the generation and manipulation of web-based vector graphics and provides full access to underlying SVG standards. Moreover, animations and interactive visualizations change the way users perceive web applications, and D3.js offers everything you need to make a visualization interactive out of the box.

While this has been working for the last few years, I realized that users are increasingly accessing visualizations with their mobile devices, though mostly through smartphone and tables. On most tablets, visualizations looked good, though interactions did not work anymore. Smartphone users experienced this as well when they tried to zoom into a browser but it somehow interfered with the zoom of the visualization and randomly toggled interactive features instead. For me, this was the sign I needed to fix the problem.

With the rise of responsive web design, there were already plenty of ideas for creating cross-browser and cross-platform applications that adapt to a user's device, screen size, and resolution. Apart from this, modern browsers already provide solid CSS and JavaScript functionality to implement responsive designs for all kinds of web applications.

The only logical step for me was to combine rich tools in order to create responsive applications and introduce the same ideas into data visualizations. I want my visualizations to adapt to the user's device, screen size, and resolution while providing cross-platform interactivity for mouse and touch gestures. In this book, I will share my knowledge, experience, and best practices on responsive data visualizations with you.

What this book covers

Chapter 1, Getting Started with Responsive Design, Bootstrap, and D3.js, gets you on track with today's concepts, technologies, and frameworks to create responsive applications.

Chapter 2, Creating a Bar Chart Using D3.js and SVG, helps you get started with D3.js and its concepts. You will learn how to draw points, shapes, and simple bar charts by the end of this chapter.

Chapter 3, Loading, Filtering, and Grouping Data, guides you so that you can get the maximum information out of real-world data.

Chapter 4, Making the Chart Responsive Using Bootstrap and Media Queries, goes through all of the steps needed to make visualizations responsive and adapt them to user devices.

Chapter 5, Building Responsive Interactions, teaches you to add truly responsive interactions to your visualization, which also makes these great to use on user devices.

Chapter 6, Designing Transitions and Animations, teaches you to make a visualization appealing to look at by adding gorgeous transitions or custom animations.

Chapter 7, Creating Maps and Cartographic Visualizations Using GeoJSON, helps you get started with geographic data processing and then visualize this data in cartographic visualizations.

Chapter 8, Testing Responsive Visualizations, shows you how to test responsive visualizations both manually and in an automated manner, and covers both unit and end-to-end testing.

Chapter 9, Solving Cross-Browser Issues, helps you avoid the most common pitfalls when dealing with cross-browser compatibility issues for responsive visualizations.

What you need for this book

The first thing you need to get started with is a web browser and text editor, such as Sublime Text or Atom. Then, you need to install node.js (http://nodejs.org/)—which already includes the npm package manager—and the bower package manager (http://bower.io/). I will walk you through the installation of the required packages in the corresponding chapters.

For examples that require you to load data from your local hard drive, I would recommend that you install the http-server module (https://www.npmjs.com/package/http-server) to run all the examples from a local web server. An Internet connection is only required to install tools and libraries but not to run the examples.

Who this book is for

This book is intended for data scientists, developers, and motivated beginners to implement custom responsive data visualizations using vector graphics. Whether you already know a bit about SVG and vector graphics in a browser or you have never used any visualization library before, you will be able to master the data-driven techniques of D3. In either case, this book will get you up and running as quickly as possible and also challenges you if you have already worked with D3.

Conventions

In this book, you will find a number of text styles that distinguish between different kinds of information. Here are some examples of these styles and an explanation of their meaning.

Code words in text, database table names, folder names, filenames, file extensions, pathnames, dummy URLs, user input, and Twitter handles are shown as follows: "We can use the d3.text function and parse the dataset on our own."

A block of code is set as follows:

var lines = data.split(/\n/g)
  .map(function(line){
    return line.split(/[-"]/g);
  });

When we wish to draw your attention to a particular part of a code block, the relevant lines or items are set in bold:

// Parsing strings to numbers
var i = parseInt("5.0", 10);
var f = parseFloat("3.8");

// Short notation
var s = "932.2";
var j = +s;

Any command-line input or output is written as follows:

bower install d3

New terms and important words are shown in bold. Words that you see on the screen, for example, in menus or dialog boxes, appear in the text like this: "As we can see in the following figure, the test passes and Karma shows a green SUCCESS status."

Note

Warnings or important notes appear in a box like this.

Tip

Tips and tricks appear like this.

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