Book Image

Python: Advanced Guide to Artificial Intelligence

By : Giuseppe Bonaccorso, Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani
Book Image

Python: Advanced Guide to Artificial Intelligence

By: Giuseppe Bonaccorso, Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani

Overview of this book

This Learning Path is your complete guide to quickly getting to grips with popular machine learning algorithms. You'll be introduced to the most widely used algorithms in supervised, unsupervised, and semi-supervised machine learning, and learn how to use them in the best possible manner. Ranging from Bayesian models to the MCMC algorithm to Hidden Markov models, this Learning Path will teach you how to extract features from your dataset and perform dimensionality reduction by making use of Python-based libraries. You'll bring the use of TensorFlow and Keras to build deep learning models, using concepts such as transfer learning, generative adversarial networks, and deep reinforcement learning. Next, you'll learn the advanced features of TensorFlow1.x, such as distributed TensorFlow with TF clusters, deploy production models with TensorFlow Serving. You'll implement different techniques related to object classification, object detection, image segmentation, and more. By the end of this Learning Path, you'll have obtained in-depth knowledge of TensorFlow, making you the go-to person for solving artificial intelligence problems This Learning Path includes content from the following Packt products: • Mastering Machine Learning Algorithms by Giuseppe Bonaccorso • Mastering TensorFlow 1.x by Armando Fandango • Deep Learning for Computer Vision by Rajalingappaa Shanmugamani
Table of Contents (31 chapters)
Title Page
About Packt
Tensor Processing Units


In this chapter, we discussed fundamental concepts shared by almost any machine learning model. In the first part, we have introduced the data generating process, as a generalization of a finite dataset. We explained which are the most common strategies to split a finite dataset into a training block and a validation set, and we introduced cross-validation, with some of the most important variants, as one of the best approaches to avoid the limitations of a static split.

In the second part, we discussed the main properties of an estimator: capacity, bias, and variance. We also introduced the Vapnik-Chervonenkis theory, which is a mathematical formalization of the concept of representational capacity, and we analyzed the effects of high biases and high variances. In particular, we discussed effects called underfitting and overfitting, defining the relationship with high bias and high variance.

In the third part, we introduced the loss and cost functions, first as proxies of the expected risk, and then we detailed some common situations that can be experienced during an optimization problem. We also exposed some common cost functions, together with their main features. In the last part, we discussed regularization, explaining how it can mitigate the effects of overfitting.

In the next chapter, Chapter 2, Introduction to Semi-Supervised Learning, we're going to introduce semi-supervised learning, focusing our attention on the concepts of transductive and inductive learning.