Book Image

PostgreSQL 14 Administration Cookbook

By : Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli
5 (1)
Book Image

PostgreSQL 14 Administration Cookbook

5 (1)
By: Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open-source database management system with an enviable reputation for high performance and stability. With many new features in its arsenal, PostgreSQL 14 allows you to scale up your PostgreSQL infrastructure. With this book, you'll take a step-by-step, recipe-based approach to effective PostgreSQL administration. This book will get you up and running with all the latest features of PostgreSQL 14 while helping you explore the entire database ecosystem. You’ll learn how to tackle a variety of problems and pain points you may face as a database administrator such as creating tables, managing views, improving performance, and securing your database. As you make progress, the book will draw attention to important topics such as monitoring roles, validating backups, regular maintenance, and recovery of your PostgreSQL 14 database. This will help you understand roles, ensuring high availability, concurrency, and replication. Along with updated recipes, this book touches upon important areas like using generated columns, TOAST compression, PostgreSQL on the cloud, and much more. By the end of this PostgreSQL book, you’ll have gained the knowledge you need to manage your PostgreSQL 14 database efficiently, both in the cloud and on-premise.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)

Adding a constraint concurrently

A table constraint is a guarantee that must be satisfied by all of the rows in the table. Therefore, adding a constraint to a table is a two-phase procedure – first, the constraint is created, and second, the existing rows are validated. Both happen in the same transaction, and the table will be locked according to the type of constraint for the whole duration.

For example, if we add a Foreign Key to a table, we will lock the table to prevent all write transactions against it. This validation could run for an hour in some cases and prevent writes for all that time.

This recipe demonstrates another case – that it is possible to split those two phases into multiple transactions since this allows validation to occur with a lower lock level than what's required to add the constraint, reducing the effect of locking on the table.

First, we create the constraint and mark it as NOT VALID to make it clear that...