Book Image

Application Development with Swift

By : Hossam Ghareeb
Book Image

Application Development with Swift

By: Hossam Ghareeb

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (14 chapters)

Operator functions

Operator functions or operator overloading is a way to allow structures and classes to provide their own implementation of existing operators. Imagine that you have two points of type CGPoint and you want to get the sum of both points. The solution will be to create another point and set its x, y with sum of x's and y's of points. It's simple right? But what if we override the + operator that accepts the summation of two points. Still not clear? Check this example:

func +(lhs:CGPoint, rhs:CGPoint) -> CGPoint
    return CGPoint(x: lhs.x + rhs.x, y: lhs.y + rhs.y)

let p1 =  CGPoint(x: 1, y: 4)
let p2 =  CGPoint(x: 5, y: 2)

let p3 = p1 + p2 //{x 6 y 6}

In the example, we wrote the function and its name is just the + operator. It takes two parameters, lhs and rhs, which means the left-hand side and right-hand side of the equation is a summation. The function returns a point, which is the sum of the two points. Then, in the code, we wrote p1 + p2. This code will call...