Book Image

Test-Driven iOS Development with Swift - Fourth Edition

By : Dr. Dominik Hauser
Book Image

Test-Driven iOS Development with Swift - Fourth Edition

By: Dr. Dominik Hauser

Overview of this book

Test-driven development (TDD) is a proven way to find software bugs earlier on in software development. Writing tests before you code improves the structure and maintainability of your apps, and so using TDD in combination with Swift 5.5's improved syntax leaves you with no excuse for writing bad code. Developers working with iOS will be able to put their knowledge to work with this practical guide to TDD in iOS. This book will help you grasp the fundamentals and show you how to run TDD with Xcode. You'll learn how to test network code, navigate between different parts of the app, run asynchronous tests, and much more. Using practical, real-world examples, you'll begin with an overview of the TDD workflow and get to grips with unit testing concepts and code cycles. You'll then develop an entire iOS app using TDD while exploring different strategies for writing tests for models, view controllers, and networking code. Additionally, you'll explore how to test the user interface and business logic of iOS apps and even write tests for the network layer of the sample app. By the end of this TDD book, you'll be able to implement TDD methodologies comfortably in your day-to-day development for building scalable and robust applications.
Table of Contents (17 chapters)
1
Section 1 –The Basics of Test-Driven iOS Development
5
Section 2 –The Data Model
9
Section 3 –Views and View Controllers
13
Section 4 –Networking and Navigation

The TDD workflow – red, green, refactor

The normal workflow of TDD comprises three steps – red, green, refactor. The following sections describe these steps in detail.

Red

You start by writing a failing test. It needs to test a required feature of the software product that is not already implemented or an edge case that you want to make sure is covered. The name red comes from the way most IDEs indicate a failing test. Xcode uses a red diamond with a white x on it as shown in the following figure:

Figure 2.1 – Xcode marks a failing test with a white cross in a red diamond

It is very important that the test you write in this step initially fails. Otherwise, you can't ensure that the test works and really tests the feature that you want to implement. It could be that you have written a test that always passes and is, therefore, useless. Or, it is possible that the feature is already implemented. Either way,...