Book Image

Mastering TypeScript 3 - Third Edition

By : Nathan Rozentals
Book Image

Mastering TypeScript 3 - Third Edition

By: Nathan Rozentals

Overview of this book

TypeScript is both a language and a set of tools to generate JavaScript. It was designed by Anders Hejlsberg at Microsoft to help developers write enterprise-scale JavaScript. Starting with an introduction to the TypeScript language, before moving on to basic concepts, each section builds on previous knowledge in an incremental and easy-to-understand way. Advanced and powerful language features are all covered, including asynchronous programming techniques, decorators, and generics. This book explores many modern JavaScript and TypeScript frameworks side by side in order for the reader to learn their respective strengths and weaknesses. It will also thoroughly explore unit and integration testing for each framework. Best-of-breed applications utilize well-known design patterns in order to be scalable, maintainable, and testable. This book explores some of these object-oriented techniques and patterns, and shows real-world implementations. By the end of the book, you will have built a comprehensive, end-to-end web application to show how TypeScript language features, design patterns, and industry best practices can be brought together in a real-world scenario.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
Free Chapter
1
TypeScript Tools and Framework Options

Types, Variables, and Function Techniques

TypeScript introduces strong typing to JavaScript through a simple syntax, referred to by Anders Hejlsberg as syntactic sugar. This sugar is what assigns a type to a variable. This strong typing syntax, which is officially called type annotation, is used wherever a variable is used. In other words, we can use type annotation in a variable declaration, a function parameter, or to describe the return type of a function itself.

As we discussed in Chapter 1, TypeScript Tools and Framework Options, there are many benefits to enforcing types in a development language. These include better error checking, the ability for an IDE to provide more intelligent code suggestions, and the ability to introduce object-oriented techniques into the coding experience.

The TypeScript language uses several basic types, such as number and boolean, and...