Book Image

Persistence in PHP with Doctrine ORM

By : Kevin Dunglas
Book Image

Persistence in PHP with Doctrine ORM

By: Kevin Dunglas

Overview of this book

Doctrine 2 has become the most popular modern persistence system for PHP. It can either be used as a standalone system or can be distributed with Symfony 2, and it also integrates very well with popular frameworks. It allows you to easily retrieve PHP object graphs, provides a powerful object-oriented query language called DQL, a database schema generator tool, and supports database migration. It is efficient, abstracts popular DBMS, and supports PHP 5.3 features. Doctrine is a must-have for modern PHP applications. Persistence in PHP with Doctrine ORM is a practical, hands-on guide that describes the full creation process of a web application powered by Doctrine. Core features of the ORM are explained in depth and illustrated by useful, explicit, and reusable code samples. Persistence in PHP with Doctrine ORM explains everything you need to know to get started with Doctrine in a clear and detailed manner. From installing the ORM through Composer to mastering advanced features such as native queries, this book is a full overview of the power of Doctrine. You will also learn a bunch of mapping annotations, create associations, and generate database schemas from PHP classes. You will also see how to write data fixtures, create custom entity repositories, and issue advanced DQL queries. Finally it will teach you to play with inheritance, write native queries, and use built-in lifecycle events. If you want to use a powerful persistence system for your PHP application, Persistence in PHP with Doctrine ORM is the book you.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)

Understanding DQL

DQL is the acronym of Doctrine Query Language. It's a domain-specific language that is very similar to SQL, but is not SQL. Instead of querying the database tables and rows, DQL is designed to query the object model's entities and mapped properties.

DQL is inspired by and similar to HQL, the query language of Hibernate, a popular ORM for Java. For more details you can visit this website:


Learn more about domain-specific languages at:

To better understand what it means, let's run our first DQL query.

Doctrine command-line tools are as genuine as a Swiss Army knife. They include a command called orm:run-dql that runs the DQL query and displays it's result. Use it to retrieve title and all the comments of the post with 1 as an identifier:

php vendor/bin/doctrine.php orm:run-dql "SELECT p.title, c.bodyFROM Blog\Entity\Post p JOIN p.comments c WHERE"

It looks like a SQL query, but it's definitely...