Book Image

Learning PHP Data Objects

By : Dennis Popel
Book Image

Learning PHP Data Objects

By: Dennis Popel

Overview of this book

PDO is lighter, faster, and more powerful than existing PHP data abstraction interfaces. PDO is a common interface to different databases that must be used with a database-specific PDO driver to access a particular database server: the PDO extension does not provide a database abstraction by itself; it doesn't rewrite SQL, emulate missing database features, or perform any database functions using by itself. It performs the same role as other classic database abstraction layers such as ODBC and JDBC: it's a query abstraction layer that abstracts the mechanism for accessing a database and manipulating the returned records; each database driver that implements the PDO interface can also expose database-specific features as regular extension functions. ¬ PDO ships with PHP 5.1, and is available as an extension for PHP 5.0; it requires the new object-oriented features of PHP 5, and cannot run with earlier versions of PHP.This book will teach you how to use the PDO, including its advanced features. Readers need to be aware of the basics of data abstraction and should be familiar with PHP.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)

Sources of Errors

To create an error handling strategy, we should first analyze where errors can happen. Errors can happen on every call to the database, and although this is rather unlikely, we will look at this scenario. But before doing so, let's check each of the possible error sources and define a strategy for dealing with them.

Server Software Failure or Overload

This can happen on a really busy server, which cannot handle any more incoming connections. For example, there may be a lengthy update running in the background. The outcome is that we are unable to get any data from the database, so we should do the following.

If the PDO constructor fails, we present a page displaying a message, which says that the user's request could not be fulfilled at this time and that they should try again later. Of course, we should also log this error because it may require immediate attention. (A good idea would be emailing the database administrator about the error.)

The problem with this error is...