Book Image

Learning PHP Data Objects

By : Dennis Popel
Book Image

Learning PHP Data Objects

By: Dennis Popel

Overview of this book

PDO is lighter, faster, and more powerful than existing PHP data abstraction interfaces. PDO is a common interface to different databases that must be used with a database-specific PDO driver to access a particular database server: the PDO extension does not provide a database abstraction by itself; it doesn't rewrite SQL, emulate missing database features, or perform any database functions using by itself. It performs the same role as other classic database abstraction layers such as ODBC and JDBC: it's a query abstraction layer that abstracts the mechanism for accessing a database and manipulating the returned records; each database driver that implements the PDO interface can also expose database-specific features as regular extension functions. ¬ PDO ships with PHP 5.1, and is available as an extension for PHP 5.0; it requires the new object-oriented features of PHP 5, and cannot run with earlier versions of PHP.This book will teach you how to use the PDO, including its advanced features. Readers need to be aware of the basics of data abstraction and should be familiar with PHP.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)

Defining an Error Handling Function

If we know that a certain statement or block of code can throw an exception, we should wrap that code within the try…catch block to prevent the default error message being displayed and present a user-friendly error page. But before we proceed, let's create a function that will render an error message and exit the application. As we will be calling it from different script files, the best place for this function is, of course, the file.

Our function, called showError(), will do the following:

  • Render a heading saying "Error".

  • Render the error message. We will escape the text with the htmlspecialchars() function and process it with the nl2br() function so that we can display multi-line messages. (This function will convert all line break characters to<br> tags.)

  • Call the showFooter() function to close the opening<html> and<body> tags. The function will assume that the application has already called the showHeader() function...