Book Image

Mastering Python Scripting for System Administrators

By : Ganesh Sanjiv Naik
Book Image

Mastering Python Scripting for System Administrators

By: Ganesh Sanjiv Naik

Overview of this book

Python has evolved over time and extended its features in relation to every possible IT operation. Python is simple to learn, yet has powerful libraries that can be used to build powerful Python scripts for solving real-world problems and automating administrators' routine activities. The objective of this book is to walk through a series of projects that will teach readers Python scripting with each project. This book will initially cover Python installation and quickly revise basic to advanced programming fundamentals. The book will then focus on the development process as a whole, from setup to planning to building different tools. It will include IT administrators' routine activities (text processing, regular expressions, file archiving, and encryption), network administration (socket programming, email handling, the remote controlling of devices using telnet/ssh, and protocols such as SNMP/DHCP), building graphical user interface, working with websites (Apache log file processing, SOAP and REST APIs communication, and web scraping), and database administration (MySQL and similar database data administration, data analytics, and reporting). By the end of this book, you will be able to use the latest features of Python and be able to build powerful tools that will solve challenging, real-world tasks
Table of Contents (21 chapters)

What is unittest?

The unittest is a unit testing framework in Python. It supports multiple tasks such as test fixtures, writing test cases, aggregating test cases into the test suites, and running tests.

unittest supports four main concepts, which are listed here:

  • test fixture: This includes preparation and cleanup activities for performing one or more tests
  • test case: This includes your individual unit test. By using the TestCase base class of unittest, we can create new test cases
  • test suite: This includes a collection of test cases, test suites, or both. This is for executing test cases together
  • test runner: This includes arranging the test executions and giving output to the users

Python has a unittest module that we will import in our script. The unittest module has TestCase class for creating test cases.

Individual test cases can be created as methods. These method names...