Book Image

Learning AWK Programming

By : Shiwang Kalkhanda
5 (1)
Book Image

Learning AWK Programming

5 (1)
By: Shiwang Kalkhanda

Overview of this book

AWK is one of the most primitive and powerful utilities which exists in all Unix and Unix-like distributions. It is used as a command-line utility when performing a basic text-processing operation, and as programming language when dealing with complex text-processing and mining tasks. With this book, you will have the required expertise to practice advanced AWK programming in real-life examples. The book starts off with an introduction to AWK essentials. You will then be introduced to regular expressions, AWK variables and constants, arrays and AWK functions and more. The book then delves deeper into more complex tasks, such as printing formatted output in AWK, control flow statements, GNU's implementation of AWK covering the advanced features of GNU AWK, such as network communication, debugging, and inter-process communication in the GAWK programming language which is not easily possible with AWK. By the end of this book, the reader will have worked on the practical implementation of text processing and pattern matching using AWK to perform routine tasks.
Table of Contents (11 chapters)

AWK Expressions

Expressions are the basic building blocks of any programming language. They form its core logic. Expressions evaluate to a value that we can test, print, or pass to any function. They are also used to assign a new value to a variable. AWK expressions are made up of operators and operands, which consist of constants, variables, regular expressions, and function calls.

In this chapter, we will cover the following topics:

  • AWK variables and constants
  • Expressions using binary arithmetic operators
  • Expressions using assignment operations
  • Expressions using increment and decrement operators
  • Expressions using relational operators
  • Expressions using logical operators
  • Expressions using ternary operators
  • Unary arithmetic expressions
  • Exponential expressions
  • String concatenation
  • Regular expression operators