Book Image

Data Science Projects with Python - Second Edition

By : Stephen Klosterman
Book Image

Data Science Projects with Python - Second Edition

By: Stephen Klosterman

Overview of this book

If data is the new oil, then machine learning is the drill. As companies gain access to ever-increasing quantities of raw data, the ability to deliver state-of-the-art predictive models that support business decision-making becomes more and more valuable. In this book, you’ll work on an end-to-end project based around a realistic data set and split up into bite-sized practical exercises. This creates a case-study approach that simulates the working conditions you’ll experience in real-world data science projects. You’ll learn how to use key Python packages, including pandas, Matplotlib, and scikit-learn, and master the process of data exploration and data processing, before moving on to fitting, evaluating, and tuning algorithms such as regularized logistic regression and random forest. Now in its second edition, this book will take you through the end-to-end process of exploring data and delivering machine learning models. Updated for 2021, this edition includes brand new content on XGBoost, SHAP values, algorithmic fairness, and the ethical concerns of deploying a model in the real world. By the end of this data science book, you’ll have the skills, understanding, and confidence to build your own machine learning models and gain insights from real data.
Table of Contents (9 chapters)

1. Data Exploration and Cleaning

Activity 1.01: Exploring the Remaining Financial Features in the Dataset


Before beginning, set up your environment and load in the cleaned dataset as follows:

import pandas as pd
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt #import plotting package
#render plotting automatically
%matplotlib inline
import matplotlib as mpl #additional plotting functionality
mpl.rcParams['figure.dpi'] = 400 #high resolution figures
mpl.rcParams['font.size'] = 4 #font size for figures
from scipy import stats
import numpy as np
df = pd.read_csv('../../Data/Chapter_1_cleaned_data.csv')
  1. Create lists of feature names for the remaining financial features.

    These fall into two groups, so we will make lists of feature names as before, to facilitate analyzing them together. You can do this with the following code:

    bill_feats = ['BILL_AMT1', 'BILL_AMT2', 'BILL_AMT3', \