Book Image

Artificial Intelligence Business: How you can profit from AI

By : Przemek Chojecki
Book Image

Artificial Intelligence Business: How you can profit from AI

By: Przemek Chojecki

Overview of this book

We’re living in revolutionary times. Artificial intelligence is changing how the world operates and it determines how smooth certain processes are. For instance, when you go on a holiday, multiple services allow you to find the most convenient flights and the best hotels, you get personalized suggestions on what you might want to see, and you go to the airport via one of the ride-sharing apps. At each of these steps, AI algorithms are at work for your convenience. This book will guide you through everything, from what AI is to how it influences our economy and society. The book starts with an introduction to artificial intelligence and machine learning, and explains the importance of AI in the modern world. You’ll explore how start-ups make key decisions with AI and how AI plays a major role in boosting businesses. Next, you’ll find out how media companies use image generation techniques to create engaging content. As you progress, you’ll explore how text generation and AI chatbot models simplify our daily lives. Toward the end, you’ll understand the importance of AI in the education and healthcare sectors, and realize the risks associated with AI and how we can leverage AI effectively to help us in the future. By the end of this book, you’ll have learned how machine learning works and have a solid understanding of the recent business applications of AI.
Table of Contents (10 chapters)

Why Artificial Intelligence

Executive Summary

Artificial Intelligence is used in business through machine learning algorithms. Machine learning is a part of computer science focused on computer systems learning to perform a specific task without using explicit instructions, relying on patterns and inference instead.

Machine learning algorithms detect patterns and learn how to make predictions and recommendations by processing data, rather than by receiving explicit programming instructions (if-thenloops). The algorithms improve over time with new data coming in, learningthrough examples.

Machine learning is primarily used in:

  • predictions: what will happen,
  • prescriptions: what should be done to achieve goals,
  • descriptions: what happened.

There are three main types of machine learning algorithms: supervised learning, unsupervised learning, and reinforcement learning.

Supervised learning uses training data and feedback from humans to learn the relationship of given inputs to a given output (for example, how the inputs dateand salespredict customerspreferences). Use it if you already know how to classify the input data and the type of behavior you want to predict, but you want to do it on new data.

Unsupervised learning explores input data without being given an explicit output variable (for example, explores customer sales data to identify patterns and classify them). Use it when you want to classify the data, but youre unsure how to label the data yourself, or you want to discover hidden patterns.

Reinforcement learning learns to perform a task by trying to maximize rewards that you prescribe for its actions (for example, maximize returns of an investment portfolio). Use it when you have limited training data, and you cannot clearly define the end goal, or you want to explore possibilities without assuming what the solution might be.

The most common framework for doing machine learning is Python as a programming language. Experiments with machine learning models usually require access to powerful computers to trainalgorithms. Thats why the additional cost of doing AI is the cost of the cloud when data scientists train their models. Those can range from a couple of hundred dollars per month to millions of dollars, depending on how heavy is the data and machine learning architecture. For most businesses the cost wont exceed a couple of thousand dollars per month unless they want to invest heavily in AI capabilities and train their own models, rather than mostly use pre-trained, open-source solutions.

The most common architecture for machine learning algorithms is neural networks. You can think of them as Lego blocks of different sizes and colors that you can mix to build a specific construction. The basic parameter of a neural network is how many layers it has and how those layers interact with each other.

Deep learning is a subfield of machine learning which focuses on neural networks with at least 3 layers. Deep learning is the actual reason why AI is so popular today, as its applications in image or voice recognition are far better than classical methods. Neural networks combined with enough computing power give outstanding results on real-world data.

Big datais another buzzword used in the last decade often. Big data never had a proper definition, always meaning having more data than is possible to process using a single personal computer. Thats why what we today understand as big data (petabytes of data) is far away from used to be big data just 10 years ago (terabytes) and how it will change in the next 10 years (exabytes).

As data is crucial for machine learning algorithms, big datais coming back in organizations as a fundamental term to explore AI capabilities. Machine learning requires that the right set of data be applied to a learning process. You dont need big data to use machine learning algorithms, but big data can help you improve the accuracy of your algorithms.

Thats why often its not necessarily true that you need a lot of data to start experimenting with AI. Especially with the raise of reinforcement learning and techniques like one-shot learning,AI is within reach for every single organization. The first step to benefit from AI is to prepare data by cleaning it and sorting it by human coworkers. Then machine learning engineers and data scientists will be able to take care of the rest.




Voice Recording


Speech Recognition



Image Recognition

Recipe Ingredients

Customer Reviews

Food Recommendations

Historical Market Data

Future Market Data

Trading Bots

Drug chemical properties

Treatment efficacy

Pharma R&D

Transaction details

Is transaction fraudulent?

Fraud detection

Purchase history

Future purchase behavior

Customer retention



Face Recognition

Car locations and speed

Traffic Flow

Traffic Lights