Book Image

Learning Go Programming

Book Image

Learning Go Programming

Overview of this book

The Go programming language has firmly established itself as a favorite for building complex and scalable system applications. Go offers a direct and practical approach to programming that let programmers write correct and predictable code using concurrency idioms and a full-featured standard library. This is a step-by-step, practical guide full of real world examples to help you get started with Go in no time at all. We start off by understanding the fundamentals of Go, followed by a detailed description of the Go data types, program structures and Maps. After this, you learn how to use Go concurrency idioms to avoid pitfalls and create programs that are exact in expected behavior. Next, you will be familiarized with the tools and libraries that are available in Go for writing and exercising tests, benchmarking, and code coverage. Finally, you will be able to utilize some of the most important features of GO such as, Network Programming and OS integration to build efficient applications. All the concepts are explained in a crisp and concise manner and by the end of this book; you would be able to create highly efficient programs that you can deploy over cloud.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Learning Go Programming
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Go functions

In Go, functions are first-class, typed programming elements. A declared function literal always has a type and a value (the defined function itself) and can optionally be bound to a named identifier. Because functions can be used as data, they can be assigned to variables or passed around as parameters of other functions.

Function declaration

Declaring a function in Go takes the general form illustrated in the following figure. This canonical form is used to declare named and anonymous functions.

The most common form of function definition in Go includes the function's assigned identifier in the function literal. To illustrate this, the following table shows the source code of several programs with definitions of named functions with different combinations of parameters and return types.



package main import (
)func printPi() {
    %v\n", math.Pi)
} func main() {
  printPi() }       ...