Book Image

Selenium WebDriver Quick Start Guide

By : Pinakin Chaubal
Book Image

Selenium WebDriver Quick Start Guide

By: Pinakin Chaubal

Overview of this book

Selenium WebDriver is a platform-independent API for automating the testing of both browser and mobile applications. It is also a core technology in many other browser automation tools, APIs, and frameworks. This book will guide you through the WebDriver APIs that are used in automation tests. Chapter by chapter, we will construct the building blocks of a page object model framework as you learn about the required Java and Selenium methods and terminology. The book starts with an introduction to the same-origin policy, cross-site scripting dangers, and the Document Object Model (DOM). Moving ahead, we'll learn about XPath, which allows us to select items on a page, and how to design a customized XPath. After that, we will be creating singleton patterns and drivers. Then you will learn about synchronization and handling pop-up windows. You will see how to create a factory for browsers and understand command design patterns applicable to this area. At the end of the book, we tie all this together by creating a framework and implementing multi-browser testing with Selenium Grid.
Table of Contents (10 chapters)

What is synchronization?

The dictionary definition of synchronization states that it is a process of coordinating two or more activities at a time. These activities can be anything, such as various instruments playing various tunes in an orchestra or the different parts of an automated assembly line in a car factory.

As far as test automation goes, synchronization is the process of matching the speeds of the application under test and the testing tool, which in this case is Selenium. Synchronization in Selenium WebDriver is implemented using something called a wait.

Synchronization types

Let's have a look at the different types of synchronization. There are two types of synchronization:

  • Unconditional synchronization...