Book Image

Expert Python Programming - Fourth Edition

By : Michał Jaworski, Tarek Ziadé
Book Image

Expert Python Programming - Fourth Edition

By: Michał Jaworski, Tarek Ziadé

Overview of this book

This new edition of Expert Python Programming provides you with a thorough understanding of the process of building and maintaining Python apps. Complete with best practices, useful tools, and standards implemented by professional Python developers, this fourth edition has been extensively updated. Throughout this book, you’ll get acquainted with the latest Python improvements, syntax elements, and interesting tools to boost your development efficiency. The initial few chapters will allow experienced programmers coming from different languages to transition to the Python ecosystem. You will explore common software design patterns and various programming methodologies, such as event-driven programming, concurrency, and metaprogramming. You will also go through complex code examples and try to solve meaningful problems by bridging Python with C and C++, writing extensions that benefit from the strengths of multiple languages. Finally, you will understand the complete lifetime of any application after it goes live, including packaging and testing automation. By the end of this book, you will have gained actionable Python programming insights that will help you effectively solve challenging problems.
Table of Contents (16 chapters)
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Application-level environment isolation

Python has built-in support for creating virtual environments. It comes in the form of a venv module that can be invoked directly from your system shell. To create a new virtual environment, simply use the following command:

$ python3.9 -m venv <env-name>

Here, env-name should be replaced with the desired name for the new environment (it can also be an absolute path). Note how we used the python3.9 command instead of plain python3. That's because depending on the environment, python3 may be linked to different interpreter versions and it is always better to be very explicit about the Python version when creating new virtual environments. The python3.9 -m venv commands will create a new env-name directory in the current working directory path. Inside, it will contain a few sub-directories:

  • bin/: This is where the new Python executable and scripts/executables provided by other packages are...