Polymorphism is a mechanism found commonly in OOP languages. Polymorphism abstracts the interface of an object from its type. Different programming languages achieve polymorphism through different means. For statically typed languages, it is usually achieved through:
- Subtyping: Subtypes of type A can be used in every interface that expects type A. Interfaces are defined explicitly, and subtypes/subclasses inherit interfaces of their parents. This is a polymorphism mechanism found in C++.
- Implicit interfaces: Every type can be used in the interface that expects an interface of type A as long as it implements the same methods (has the same interface) as type A. The declarations of interfaces are still defined explicitly but subclasses/subtypes don't have to explicitly inherit from the base classes/types that define such an interface. This is a polymorphism mechanism found in Go.
Python is a dynamically typed language, so uses...