Book Image

Apache Tomcat 7 Essentials

By : Tanuj Khare
Book Image

Apache Tomcat 7 Essentials

By: Tanuj Khare

Overview of this book

Apache Tomcat (or simply Tomcat) is an open source servlet container developed by the Apache Software Foundation (ASF). The latest major stable release, Apache Tomcat version 7 implements the Servlet 3 and JavaServer Pages 2 specifications from the Java Community Process, and includes many additional features that make it a useful platform for developing and deploying web applications and web services.Apache Tomcat 7 Essentials follows a practical approach to teach installing, configuring, and maintaining Tomcat. It helps you to understand the middle architecture for hosting multiple websites and also provides the confidence to implement middleware support. It imparts to you the capacity to resolve migration issues and also provides regular maintenance solutions. This is the first and only book to cover upgrading to Tomcat 7 from previous versions.The journey of the reader starts at the beginner level and ends at the expert level. The content is designed in such a way that it balances the theory and practical approach for understanding concepts related to handling middle ware and web issues.In this book, you will go through a three-phase life cycle. The first cycle consists of installation, configuration of Tomcat 7 on different OS, and other configurations related to JDBC, port, deployment etc. The second phase deals with the building of enterprise application setup and high availability architecture (clustering load balancing). The third and critical phase will teach you to handle critical issues, performance tuning, and best practices for various environment stacks like dev/QA/stage/production.This book gives you a wider vision of using Tomcat 7 in web technologies and the skill to optimize their performance using Apache Tomcat 7.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Apache Tomcat 7 Essentials
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Log analysis

Log analysis is a very important and tricky issue, which needs to be handled with a lot of care. If you overlook a few lines, then you will never be able to find the root cause of the issue. Some of the best practices which need to be kept in consideration while doing the log analysis are mentioned as follows:

  • Check the logs of the last 1 hour from the issue

  • Always go to the first exception in the logs when the error has started

  • Always keep in mind that issues are not caused due to malfunction of Tomcat, also check the other infrastructure resources

In non-DOS operating systems (Linux, Unix, Ubuntu, and so on), there are two utilities which are very useful in log analysis, grep and awk. Let's discuss grep and awk utilities briefly:

  • grep: This utility prints the lines which match the string searched.

    grep Error catalina.out
    • The previous command is an example of the grep command for searching the word "error" in the file catalina.out and displays the lines which contain the word...