Book Image

Fuzzing Against the Machine

By : Antonio Nappa, Eduardo Blázquez
Book Image

Fuzzing Against the Machine

By: Antonio Nappa, Eduardo Blázquez

Overview of this book

Emulation and fuzzing are among the many techniques that can be used to improve cybersecurity; however, utilizing these efficiently can be tricky. Fuzzing Against the Machine is your hands-on guide to understanding how these powerful tools and techniques work. Using a variety of real-world use cases and practical examples, this book helps you grasp the fundamental concepts of fuzzing and emulation along with advanced vulnerability research, providing you with the tools and skills needed to find security flaws in your software. The book begins by introducing you to two open source fuzzer engines: QEMU, which allows you to run software for whatever architecture you can think of, and American fuzzy lop (AFL) and its improved version AFL++. You’ll learn to combine these powerful tools to create your own emulation and fuzzing environment and then use it to discover vulnerabilities in various systems, such as iOS, Android, and Samsung's Mobile Baseband software, Shannon. After reading the introductions and setting up your environment, you’ll be able to dive into whichever chapter you want, although the topics gradually become more advanced as the book progresses. By the end of this book, you’ll have gained the skills, knowledge, and practice required to find flaws in any firmware by emulating and fuzzing it with QEMU and several fuzzing engines.
Table of Contents (18 chapters)
Part 1: Foundations
Part 2: Emulation and Fuzzing
Part 3: Advanced Concepts
Chapter 12: Conclusion and Final Remarks

Setting up FirmWire for vulnerability validation

Now, we will proceed with setting up the harness for the FirmWire emulator, which emulates the CP (baseband processor) of a Samsung device. The setup instructions, as taken from the web page, are straightforward:

$ sudo apt-get -y install docker
$ git clone
$ cd FirmWire
#fix for afl crash
$ sudo su
# this command must be run as root
$ echo core >/proc/sys/kernel/core_pattern
# we go out from the root command line
$ exit
$ git clone
# This will take some time
docker build -t firmwire .
# Now enter the docker with
docker run --rm -it -v $(pwd):/firmwire firmwire

The following command will start QEMU+Avatar2 with the Samsung Exynos baseband. It will also directly download the modem binary:

# Within the container you can run the firmware like this
$ ./