Book Image

OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook

By : Egle Sigler, Kevin Jackson, Cody Bunch
Book Image

OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook

By: Egle Sigler, Kevin Jackson, Cody Bunch

Overview of this book

Table of Contents (19 chapters)
OpenStack Cloud Computing Cookbook Third Edition
Credits
Foreword
About the Authors
About the Reviewers
www.PacktPub.com
Preface
Index

Adding users to Keystone


Adding users to the OpenStack Identity service requires that the user has a tenant that they can exist in and there is a defined role that can be assigned to them. For this section, we will create two users. The first user will be named admin and will have the admin role assigned to them in the cookbook tenant. The second user will be named demo and will have the Member role assigned to them in the same cookbook tenant.

Getting ready

We will be using the keystone client to operate Keystone. If the python-keystoneclient tool isn't available, follow the steps described at http://bit.ly/OpenStackCookbookClientInstall.

Ensure that we have our environment set correctly to access our OpenStack environment for administrative purposes:

export OS_TENANT_NAME=cookbook
export OS_USERNAME=admin
export OS_PASSWORD=openstack
export OS_AUTH_URL=https://192.168.100.200:5000/v2.0/
export OS_NO_CACHE=1
export OS_KEY=/vagrant/cakey.pem
export OS_CACERT=/vagrant/ca.pem

Tip

You can use the controller node if no other machines are available on your network, as this has the python-keystoneclient and the relevant access to the OpenStack environment. If you are using the Vagrant environment, issue the following command to get access to the Controller:

vagrant ssh controller

How to do it...

To create the required users in our OpenStack environment, perform the following steps:

  1. To create a user in the cookbook tenant, we first need to get the cookbook tenant ID. To do this, issue the following command, which we conveniently store in a variable named TENANT_ID with the tenant-list option:

    TENANT_ID=$(keystone tenant-list \
        | awk '/\ cookbook\ / {print $2}')
    
  2. Now that we have the tenant ID, the admin user in the cookbook tenant is created using the user-create option and a password is chosen for the user:

    PASSWORD=openstack
    keystone user-create \
        --name admin \
        --tenant_id $TENANT_ID \
        --pass $PASSWORD \
        --email root@localhost \
        --enabled true
    

    The preceding code will produce the following output:

    +----------+----------------------------------+
    | Property |              Value               |
    +----------+----------------------------------+
    |  email   |          root@localhost          |
    | enabled  |               True               |
    |    id    | 2e23d0673e8a4deabe7c0fb70dfcb9f2 |
    |   name   |              admin               |
    | tenantId | 14e34722ac7b4fe298886371ec17cf40 |
    | username |              admin               |
    +----------+----------------------------------+
    
  3. As we are creating the admin user, which we are assigning the admin role, we need the admin role ID. We pick out the ID of the admin role and conveniently store it in a variable to use it when assigning the role to the user with the role-list option:

    ROLE_ID=$(keystone role-list \
        | awk '/\ admin\ / {print $2}')
    
  4. To assign the role to our user, we need to use the user ID that was returned when we created that user. To get this, we can list the users and pick out the ID for that particular user with the following user-list option:

    USER_ID=$(keystone user-list \
        | awk '/\ admin\ / {print $2}')
    
  5. With the tenant ID, user ID, and an appropriate role ID available, we can assign that role to the user with the following user-role-add option:

    keystone user-role-add \
        --user $USER_ID \
        --role $ROLE_ID \
        --tenant_id $TENANT_ID
    

    Tip

    Note that there is no output produced on successfully running this command.

  6. The admin user also needs to be in the admin tenant for us to be able to administer the complete environment. To do this, we need to get the admin tenant ID and then repeat the previous step using this new tenant ID:

    ADMIN_TENANT_ID=$(keystone tenant-list \
        | awk '/\ admin\ / {print $2}')
    keystone user-role-add \
        --user $USER_ID \
        --role $ROLE_ID \
        --tenant_id $ADMIN_TENANT_ID
    
  7. To create the demo user in the cookbook tenant with the Member role assigned, we repeat the process defined in steps 1 to 5:

    # Get the cookbook tenant ID
    TENANT_ID=$(keystone tenant-list \
        | awk '/\ cookbook\ / {print $2}')
    
    # Create the user
    PASSWORD=openstack
    keystone user-create \
        --name demo \
        --tenant_id $TENANT_ID \
        --pass $PASSWORD \
        --email demo@localhost \
        --enabled true
    
    # Get the Member role ID
    ROLE_ID=$(keystone role-list \
        | awk '/\ Member\ / {print $2}')
    
    # Get the demo user ID
    USER_ID=$(keystone user-list \
        | awk '/\ demo\ / {print $2}')
    
    # Assign the Member role to the demo user in cookbook
    keystone user-role-add \
        --user $USER_ID \
        -–role $ROLE_ID \
        --tenant_id $TENANT_ID
    

How it works...

Adding users in the OpenStack Identity service involves a number of steps and dependencies. First, a tenant is required for the user to be part of. Once the tenant exists, the user can be added. At this point, the user has no role associated, so the final step is to designate the role to this user, such as Member or admin.

Use the following syntax to create a user with the user-create option:

keystone user-create \
    --name user_name \
    --tenant_id TENANT_ID \
    --pass PASSWORD \
    --email email_address \
    --enabled true

The user_name attribute is an arbitrary name but cannot contain any spaces. A password attribute must be present. In the previous examples, these were set to openstack. The email_address attribute must also be present.

To assign a role to a user with the user-role-add option, use the following syntax:

keystone user-role-add \
    --user USER_ID \
    --role ROLE_ID \
    --tenant_id TENANT_ID

This means that we need to have the ID of the user, the ID of the role, and the ID of the tenant in order to assign roles to users. These IDs can be found using the following commands:

keystone tenant-list
keystone user-list
keystone role-list