Book Image

Hands-On RTOS with Microcontrollers

By : Brian Amos
Book Image

Hands-On RTOS with Microcontrollers

By: Brian Amos

Overview of this book

A real-time operating system (RTOS) is used to develop systems that respond to events within strict timelines. Real-time embedded systems have applications in various industries, from automotive and aerospace through to laboratory test equipment and consumer electronics. These systems provide consistent and reliable timing and are designed to run without intervention for years. This microcontrollers book starts by introducing you to the concept of RTOS and compares some other alternative methods for achieving real-time performance. Once you've understood the fundamentals, such as tasks, queues, mutexes, and semaphores, you'll learn what to look for when selecting a microcontroller and development environment. By working through examples that use an STM32F7 Nucleo board, the STM32CubeIDE, and SEGGER debug tools, including SEGGER J-Link, Ozone, and SystemView, you'll gain an understanding of preemptive scheduling policies and task communication. The book will then help you develop highly efficient low-level drivers and analyze their real-time performance and CPU utilization. Finally, you'll cover tips for troubleshooting and be able to take your new-found skills to the next level. By the end of this book, you'll have built on your embedded system skills and will be able to create real-time systems using microcontrollers and FreeRTOS.
Table of Contents (24 chapters)
Section 1: Introduction and RTOS Concepts
Section 2: Toolchain Setup
Section 3: RTOS Application Examples
Section 4: Advanced RTOS Techniques

Introducing Real-Time Systems

Real-time systems come in a wide variety of implementations and use cases. This book focuses on how to use a real-time OS (RTOS) to create real-time applications on a microcontroller unit (MCU).

In this chapter, we'll start with an overview of what an RTOS is and get an idea of the wide range of systems that can have real-time requirements. From there, we'll look at some of the different ways of achieving real-time performance, along with an overview of the types of systems (such as hardware, firmware, and software) that may be used. We'll wrap up by discussing when it is advisable to use an RTOS in an MCU application and when it might not be necessary at all.

In a nutshell, we will cover the following topics in this chapter:

  • What is "real-time" anyway?
  • Defining RTOS
  • Deciding when to use an RTOS