#### Overview of this book

This book will teach you advanced techniques in machine learning with the latest code in R 3.3.2. You will delve into statistical learning theory and supervised learning; design efficient algorithms; learn about creating Recommendation Engines; use multi-class classification and deep learning; and more. You will explore, in depth, topics such as data mining, classification, clustering, regression, predictive modeling, anomaly detection, boosted trees with XGBOOST, and more. More than just knowing the outcome, you’ll understand how these concepts work and what they do. With a slow learning curve on topics such as neural networks, you will explore deep learning, and more. By the end of this book, you will be able to perform machine learning with R in the cloud using AWS in various scenarios with different datasets.
Title Page
Credits
Packt Upsell
Customer Feedback
Preface
Free Chapter
A Process for Success
Linear Regression - The Blocking and Tackling of Machine Learning
Logistic Regression and Discriminant Analysis
Advanced Feature Selection in Linear Models
More Classification Techniques - K-Nearest Neighbors and Support Vector Machines
Classification and Regression Trees
Neural Networks and Deep Learning
Cluster Analysis
Principal Components Analysis
Market Basket Analysis, Recommendation Engines, and Sequential Analysis
Creating Ensembles and Multiclass Classification
Time Series and Causality
Text Mining
R on the Cloud
R Fundamentals
Sources

## Classification methods and linear regression

So, why can't we just use the least square regression method that we learned in the previous chapter for a qualitative outcome? Well, as it turns out, you can, but at your own risk. Let's assume for a second that you have an outcome that you are trying to predict and it has three different classes: mild, moderate, and severe. You and your colleagues also assume that the difference between mild and moderate and moderate and severe is an equivalent measure and a linear relationship. You can create a dummy variable where 0 is equal to mild, 1 is equal to moderate, and 2 is equal to severe. If you have reason to believe this, then linear regression might be an acceptable solution. However, qualitative assessments such as the previous ones might lend themselves to a high level of measurement error that can bias the OLS. In most business problems, there is no scientifically acceptable way to convert a qualitative response to one that is quantitative...