PostgreSQL has no built-in facilities to make sure that you are using strong passwords.
The best you can do is to make sure that all user passwords are encrypted, and that your pg_hba.conf file does not allow logins with a plain password. That is, always use the SCRAM-SHA-256 the login method for users, which is new in PostgreSQL 10. Any servers upgrading from earlier versions should upgrade from md5 to SCRAM-SHA-256 password encryption.
For client applications connecting from trusted private networks, either real or virtual (VPN), you may use host-based access, provided you know that the machine on which the application is running is not used by some non-trusted individuals. For remote access over public networks, it may be a better idea to use SSL client certificates.