Book Image

PostgreSQL 10 Administration Cookbook - Fourth Edition

By : Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli
Book Image

PostgreSQL 10 Administration Cookbook - Fourth Edition

By: Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source database management system with an enviable reputation for high performance and stability. With many new features in its arsenal, PostgreSQL 10 allows users to scale up their PostgreSQL infrastructure. This book takes a step-by-step, recipe-based approach to effective PostgreSQL administration. Throughout this book, you will be introduced to these new features such as logical replication, native table partitioning, additional query parallelism, and much more. You will learn how to tackle a variety of problems that are basically the pain points for any database administrator - from creating tables to managing views, from improving performance to securing your database. More importantly, the book pays special attention to topics such as monitoring roles, backup, and recovery of your PostgreSQL 10 database, ensuring high availability, concurrency, and replication. By the end of this book, you will know everything you need to know to be the go-to PostgreSQL expert in your organization.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)

Writing a conditional psql script

psql supports conditional meta-commands \if, \elif, \else and \endif . In this recipe we demonstrate some of them.

Getting ready

We want to improve the vartest.sql script so that it runs VACUUM only if there actually are dead rows in that table.

How to do it...

We add conditional commands to vartest.sql resulting in the following script:

SELECT schemaname
, relname
, n_dead_tup
, n_live_tup
, n_dead_tup > 0 AS needs_vacuum
FROM pg_stat_user_tables
ORDER BY n_dead_tup DESC
LIMIT 1
\gset
\if :needs_vacuum
\qecho Running VACUUM on table :"relname...