Book Image

PostgreSQL 10 Administration Cookbook - Fourth Edition

By : Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli
Book Image

PostgreSQL 10 Administration Cookbook - Fourth Edition

By: Simon Riggs, Gianni Ciolli

Overview of this book

PostgreSQL is a powerful, open source database management system with an enviable reputation for high performance and stability. With many new features in its arsenal, PostgreSQL 10 allows users to scale up their PostgreSQL infrastructure. This book takes a step-by-step, recipe-based approach to effective PostgreSQL administration. Throughout this book, you will be introduced to these new features such as logical replication, native table partitioning, additional query parallelism, and much more. You will learn how to tackle a variety of problems that are basically the pain points for any database administrator - from creating tables to managing views, from improving performance to securing your database. More importantly, the book pays special attention to topics such as monitoring roles, backup, and recovery of your PostgreSQL 10 database, ensuring high availability, concurrency, and replication. By the end of this book, you will know everything you need to know to be the go-to PostgreSQL expert in your organization.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)

Using psql variables

In the previous recipe, we have seen how to use the ON_ERROR_STOP variable. Here we show how to work with any variable, including user-defined ones.

Getting ready

As an example, we create a script that does some work on a given table. We will keep it simple, because we just want to show how variables work.

For instance, we might want to add a text column to a table, and then set it to a given value. So we write the following lines into a file called vartest.sql :

ALTER TABLE mytable ADD COLUMN mycol text;
UPDATE mytable SET mycol = 'myval';

The script can be run as follows:

psql -f vartest.sql