Book Image

The Applied SQL Data Analytics Workshop - Second Edition

By : Matt Goldwasser, Upom Malik, Benjamin Johnston
3.5 (2)
Book Image

The Applied SQL Data Analytics Workshop - Second Edition

3.5 (2)
By: Matt Goldwasser, Upom Malik, Benjamin Johnston

Overview of this book

Every day, businesses operate around the clock and a huge amount of data is generated at a rapid pace. Hidden in this data are key patterns and behaviors that can help you and your business understand your customers at a deep, fundamental level. Are you ready to enter the exciting world of data analytics and unlock these useful insights? Written by a team of expert data scientists who have used their data analytics skills to transform businesses of all shapes and sizes, The Applied SQL Data Analytics Workshop is a great way to get started with data analysis, showing you how to effectively sieve and process information from raw data, even without any prior experience. The book begins by showing you how to form hypotheses and generate descriptive statistics that can provide key insights into your existing data. As you progress, you'll learn how to write SQL queries to aggregate, calculate and combine SQL data from sources outside of your current dataset. You'll also discover how to work with different data types, like JSON. By exploring advanced techniques, such as geospatial analysis and text analysis, you'll finally be able to understand your business at a deeper level. Finally, the book lets you in on the secret to getting information faster and more effectively by using advanced techniques like profiling and automation. By the end of The Applied SQL Data Analytics Workshop, you'll have the skills you need to start identifying patterns and unlocking insights in your own data. You will be capable of looking and assessing data with the critical eye of a skilled data analyst.
Table of Contents (9 chapters)
7. The Scientific Method and Applied Problem Solving

Transforming Data

Often, the raw data presented in a query output may not be in the form we would like it to be. We may want to remove values, substitute values, or map values to other values. To accomplish these tasks, SQL provides a wide variety of statements and functions. Functions are keywords that take in inputs (such as a column or a scalar value) and change those inputs into some sort of output. We will discuss some very useful functions for cleaning data in the following sections.

The CASE WHEN Function

CASE WHEN is a function that allows a query to map various values in a column to other values. The general format of a CASE WHEN statement is as follows:

CASE WHEN condition1 THEN value1
WHEN condition2 THEN value2
WHEN conditionX THEN valueX
ELSE else_value END;

Here, condition1 and condition2, through conditionX, are Boolean conditions; value1 and value2, through valueX, are values to map the Boolean conditions; and else_value is the value that is mapped...