# Statistics with Window Functions

Now that we understand how window functions work, we can start using them to calculate useful statistics, such as ranks, percentiles, and rolling statistics.

In the following table, we have summarized a variety of statistical functions that are useful. It is also important to emphasize again that all aggregate functions can also be used as window functions (`AVG`

, `SUM`

, `COUNT`

, and so on):

Normally, a call to any of these functions inside a SQL statement would be followed by the `OVER`

keyword. This keyword will then have brackets with `PARTITION BY`

and `ORDER BY`

statements, either of which may be optional, depending on which function you are using.

For example, the `ROW_NUMBER()`

function will look like this:

ROW_NUMBER() OVER( PARTITION BY column_1, column_2 ORDER BY column_3,column_4 )

We will show you how to use these statistical functions in the next exercise...