Book Image

Learning OpenCV 5 Computer Vision with Python, Fourth Edition - Fourth Edition

By : Joseph Howse, Joe Minichino
5 (2)
Book Image

Learning OpenCV 5 Computer Vision with Python, Fourth Edition - Fourth Edition

5 (2)
By: Joseph Howse, Joe Minichino

Overview of this book

Computer vision is a rapidly evolving science in the field of artificial intelligence, encompassing diverse use cases and techniques. This book will not only help those who are getting started with computer vision but also experts in the domain. You'll be able to put theory into practice by building apps with OpenCV 5 and Python 3. You'll start by setting up OpenCV 5 with Python 3 on various platforms. Next, you'll learn how to perform basic operations such as reading, writing, manipulating, and displaying images, videos, and camera feeds. From taking you through image processing, video analysis, depth estimation, and segmentation, to helping you gain practice by building a GUI app, this book ensures you'll have opportunities for hands-on activities. You'll tackle two popular challenges: face detection and face recognition. You'll also learn about object classification and machine learning, which will enable you to create and use object detectors and even track moving objects in real time. Later, you'll develop your skills in augmented reality and real-world 3D navigation. Finally, you'll cover ANNs and DNNs, learning how to develop apps for recognizing handwritten digits and classifying a person's gender and age, and you'll deploy your solutions to the Cloud. By the end of this book, you'll have the skills you need to execute real-world computer vision projects.
Table of Contents (12 chapters)
Free Chapter
Learning OpenCV 5 Computer Vision with Python, Fourth Edition: Tackle tools, techniques, and algorithms for computer vision and machine learning
Appendix A: Bending Color Space with the Curves Filter

Basic I/O scripts

Most CV applications need to get images as input. Most also produce images as output. An interactive CV application might require a camera as an input source and a window as an output destination. However, other possible sources and destinations include image files, video files, and raw bytes. For example, raw bytes might be transmitted via a network connection, or they might be generated by an algorithm, if we incorporate procedural graphics into our application. Let's look at each of these possibilities.

Reading/writing an image file

OpenCV provides the imread function to load an image from a file and the imwrite function to write an image to a file. These functions support various file formats for still images (not videos). The supported formats vary—as formats can be added or removed in a custom build of OpenCV—but normally BMP, PNG, JPEG, and TIFF are among the supported formats.

Let's explore the anatomy of the representation of an image...