Book Image

Data Science with Python

By : Rohan Chopra, Aaron England, Mohamed Noordeen Alaudeen
Book Image

Data Science with Python

By: Rohan Chopra, Aaron England, Mohamed Noordeen Alaudeen

Overview of this book

Data Science with Python begins by introducing you to data science and teaches you to install the packages you need to create a data science coding environment. You will learn three major techniques in machine learning: unsupervised learning, supervised learning, and reinforcement learning. You will also explore basic classification and regression techniques, such as support vector machines, decision trees, and logistic regression. As you make your way through the book, you will understand the basic functions, data structures, and syntax of the Python language that are used to handle large datasets with ease. You will learn about NumPy and pandas libraries for matrix calculations and data manipulation, discover how to use Matplotlib to create highly customizable visualizations, and apply the boosting algorithm XGBoost to make predictions. In the concluding chapters, you will explore convolutional neural networks (CNNs), deep learning algorithms used to predict what is in an image. You will also understand how to feed human sentences to a neural network, make the model process contextual information, and create human language processing systems to predict the outcome. By the end of this book, you will be able to understand and implement any new data science algorithm and have the confidence to experiment with tools or libraries other than those covered in the book.
Table of Contents (10 chapters)

Python Libraries

Throughout this book, we'll be using various Python libraries, including pandas, Matplotlib, Seaborn, and scikit-learn.


pandas is an open source package that has many functions for loading and processing data in order to prepare it for machine learning tasks. It also has tools that can be used to analyze and manipulate data. Data can be read from many formats using pandas. We will mainly be using CSV data throughout this book. To read CSV data, you can use the read_csv() function by passing filename.csv as an argument. An example of this is shown here:

>>> import pandas as pd

>>> pd.read_csv("data.csv")

In the preceding code, pd is an alias name given to pandas. It is not mandatory to give an alias. To visualize a pandas DataFrame, you can use the head() function to list the top five rows. This will be demonstrated in one of the following exercises.


Please visit the following link to learn more about pandas:


NumPy is one of the main packages that Python has to offer. It is mainly used in practices related to scientific computing and when working on mathematical operations. It comprises of tools that enable us to work with arrays and array objects.


Matplotlib is a data visualization package. It is useful for plotting data points in a 2D space with the help of NumPy.


Seaborn is also a data visualization library that is based on matplotlib. Visualizations created using Seaborn are far more attractive than ones created using matplotlib in terms of graphics.


scikit-learn is a Python package used for machine learning. It is designed in such a way that it interoperates with other numeric and scientific libraries in Python to achieve the implementation of algorithms.

These ready-to-use libraries have gained interest and attention from developers, especially in the data science space. Now that we have covered the various libraries in Python, in the next section we'll explore the roadmap for building machine learning models.