Book Image

AWS Certified Machine Learning Specialty: MLS-C01 Certification Guide

By : Somanath Nanda, Weslley Moura
Book Image

AWS Certified Machine Learning Specialty: MLS-C01 Certification Guide

By: Somanath Nanda, Weslley Moura

Overview of this book

The AWS Certified Machine Learning Specialty exam tests your competency to perform machine learning (ML) on AWS infrastructure. This book covers the entire exam syllabus using practical examples to help you with your real-world machine learning projects on AWS. Starting with an introduction to machine learning on AWS, you'll learn the fundamentals of machine learning and explore important AWS services for artificial intelligence (AI). You'll then see how to prepare data for machine learning and discover a wide variety of techniques for data manipulation and transformation for different types of variables. The book also shows you how to handle missing data and outliers and takes you through various machine learning tasks such as classification, regression, clustering, forecasting, anomaly detection, text mining, and image processing, along with the specific ML algorithms you need to know to pass the exam. Finally, you'll explore model evaluation, optimization, and deployment and get to grips with deploying models in a production environment and monitoring them. By the end of this book, you'll have gained knowledge of the key challenges in machine learning and the solutions that AWS has released for each of them, along with the tools, methods, and techniques commonly used in each domain of AWS ML.
Table of Contents (14 chapters)
Section 1: Introduction to Machine Learning
Section 2: Data Engineering and Exploratory Data Analysis
Section 3: Data Modeling

Evaluating classification models

Classification models are one of the most traditional classes of problems that you might face, either during the exam or during your journey as a data scientist. A very important artifact that you might want to generate during the classification model evaluation is known as a confusion matrix.

A confusion matrix compares your model predictions against the real values of each class under evaluation. Figure 8.1 shows what a confusion matrix looks like in a binary classification problem:

Figure 8.1 – A confusion matrix

We find the following components in a confusion matrix:

  • TP: This is the number of True Positive cases. Here, we have to count the number of cases that have been predicted as true and are, indeed, true. For example, in a fraud detection system, this would be the number of fraudulent transactions that were correctly predicted as fraud.
  • TN: This is the number of True Negative cases. Here, we have...