Book Image

Mastering Rust - Second Edition

By : Rahul Sharma, Vesa Kaihlavirta
Book Image

Mastering Rust - Second Edition

By: Rahul Sharma, Vesa Kaihlavirta

Overview of this book

Rust is an empowering language that provides a rare combination of safety, speed, and zero-cost abstractions. Mastering Rust – Second Edition is filled with clear and simple explanations of the language features along with real-world examples, showing you how you can build robust, scalable, and reliable programs. This second edition of the book improves upon the previous one and touches on all aspects that make Rust a great language. We have included the features from latest Rust 2018 edition such as the new module system, the smarter compiler, helpful error messages, and the stable procedural macros. You’ll learn how Rust can be used for systems programming, network programming, and even on the web. You’ll also learn techniques such as writing memory-safe code, building idiomatic Rust libraries, writing efficient asynchronous networking code, and advanced macros. The book contains a mix of theory and hands-on tasks so you acquire the skills as well as the knowledge, and it also provides exercises to hammer the concepts in. After reading this book, you will be able to implement Rust for your enterprise projects, write better tests and documentation, design for performance, and write idiomatic Rust code.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)

macro_rules! token types

Before we build more complex macros, it's important to become familiar with the valid inputs that macro_rules! can take. Since macro_rules! work at the syntactic level, it needs to provide users, a handle to these syntactic elements, and distinguish what can and cannot be included within a macro and how we can interact with them.

The following are some important token tree types that you can pass into a macro as input:

  • block: This is a sequence of statements. We have already used block in the debugging example. It matches any sequence of statements, delimited by braces, such as what we were using before:
{ silly; things; } 

This block includes the statements silly and things.

  • expr: This matches any expression, for example:
    • 1
    • x + 1
    • if x == 4 { 1 } else { 2 }
  • ident: This matches an identifier. Identifiers are any unicode strings that are not...