Book Image

Mastering openFrameworks: Creative Coding Demystified

By : Denis Perevalov
Book Image

Mastering openFrameworks: Creative Coding Demystified

By: Denis Perevalov

Overview of this book

openFrameworks is a powerful programming toolkit and library designed to assist the creative process through simplicity and intuitiveness. It's a very handy software library written in C++ to reduce the software development process, helping you to kick-start creative coding. With the help of C++ and shaders support, openFrameworks allows for the processing of all kinds of media information with your custom-developed algorithms at the lowest possible level, with the fastest speed. "Mastering openFrameworks: Creative Coding Demystified" will introduce you to a world of creative coding projects, including interactive installations, audio-visual, and sound art projects. You will learn how to make your own projects using openFrameworks. This book focuses on low-level data processing, which allows you to create really unique and cutting-edge installations and projects. "Mastering openFrameworks: Creative Coding Demystified" provides a complete introduction to openFrameworks, including installation, core capabilities, and addons. Advanced topics like shaders, computer vision, and depth cameras are also covered. We start off by discussing the basic topics such as image and video loading, rendering and processing, playing sound samples, and synthesizing new sounds. We then move on to cover 3D graphics, computer vision, and depth cameras. You will also learn a number of advanced topics such as video mapping, interactive floors and walls, video morphing, networking, and using geometry shaders. You will learn everything you need to know in order to create your own projects; create projects of all levels, ranging from simple creative-code experiments, to big interactive systems consisting of a number of computers, depth cameras, and projectors.
Table of Contents (22 chapters)
Mastering openFrameworks: Creative Coding Demystified
About the Author
About the Reviewers

Basics of shaders

Shaders are small programs executed on a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU), which is located on the video card. Shaders work when OpenGL renders something on the screen (or in the screen buffer), and they modify the geometry and pixels of the rendered objects. They work very fast and perform advanced processing of images and complex 3D scenes at faster rates, which is impossible using today's CPUs. This is the reason that shaders are widely used for interactive rendering and VJing.

Shaders are written using Graphics Library Shading Language (GLSL), which is actually a C++ language, and are extended with vector and matrix types and mathematical operations. Some of the C++ features, such as working with memory (pointers, references, and the new operator) and classes, are not included in GLSL.


Formally, GLSL is a subset of the C language with some extensions, including constructor-like functions for initializing vectors and other types. As a result, the GLSL style of programming...