#### Overview of this book

Computer vision is found everywhere in modern technology. OpenCV for Python enables us to run computer vision algorithms in real time. With the advent of powerful machines, we have more processing power to work with. Using this technology, we can seamlessly integrate our computer vision applications into the cloud. Focusing on OpenCV 3.x and Python 3.6, this book will walk you through all the building blocks needed to build amazing computer vision applications with ease. We start off by manipulating images using simple filtering and geometric transformations. We then discuss affine and projective transformations and see how we can use them to apply cool advanced manipulations to your photos like resizing them while keeping the content intact or smoothly removing undesired elements. We will then cover techniques of object tracking, body part recognition, and object recognition using advanced techniques of machine learning such as artificial neural network. 3D reconstruction and augmented reality techniques are also included. The book covers popular OpenCV libraries with the help of examples. This book is a practical tutorial that covers various examples at different levels, teaching you about the different functions of OpenCV and their actual implementation. By the end of this book, you will have acquired the skills to use OpenCV and Python to develop real-world computer vision applications.
Title Page
Contributors
Packt Upsell
Preface
Free Chapter
Applying Geometric Transformations to Images
Detecting Edges and Applying Image Filters
Cartoonizing an Image
Detecting and Tracking Different Body Parts
Extracting Features from an Image
Seam Carving
Detecting Shapes and Segmenting an Image
Object Tracking
Machine Learning by an Artificial Neural Network
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## What are integral images?

If we want to compute Haar features, we will have to compute the summations of many different rectangular regions within the image. If we want to effectively build the feature set, we need to compute these summations at multiple scales. This is a very expensive process! If we want to build a real-time system, we cannot spend so many cycles computing these sums. So we use something called integral images:

To compute the sum of any rectangle in the image, we don't need to go through all the elements in that rectangular area. Let's say AP indicates the sum of all the elements in the rectangle formed by the top-left point and the point P in the image as the two diagonally opposite corners. So now, if we want to compute the area of the rectangle ABCD, we can use the following formula:

Area of the rectangle ABCD = AC - (AB + AD - AA)

Why do we care about this particular formula? As we discussed earlier, extracting Haar features includes computing the areas of a large number...