Book Image

Modern Computer Vision with PyTorch

By : V Kishore Ayyadevara, Yeshwanth Reddy
Book Image

Modern Computer Vision with PyTorch

By: V Kishore Ayyadevara, Yeshwanth Reddy

Overview of this book

Deep learning is the driving force behind many recent advances in various computer vision (CV) applications. This book takes a hands-on approach to help you to solve over 50 CV problems using PyTorch1.x on real-world datasets. You’ll start by building a neural network (NN) from scratch using NumPy and PyTorch and discover best practices for tweaking its hyperparameters. You’ll then perform image classification using convolutional neural networks and transfer learning and understand how they work. As you progress, you’ll implement multiple use cases of 2D and 3D multi-object detection, segmentation, human-pose-estimation by learning about the R-CNN family, SSD, YOLO, U-Net architectures, and the Detectron2 platform. The book will also guide you in performing facial expression swapping, generating new faces, and manipulating facial expressions as you explore autoencoders and modern generative adversarial networks. You’ll learn how to combine CV with NLP techniques, such as LSTM and transformer, and RL techniques, such as Deep Q-learning, to implement OCR, image captioning, object detection, and a self-driving car agent. Finally, you'll move your NN model to production on the AWS Cloud. By the end of this book, you’ll be able to leverage modern NN architectures to solve over 50 real-world CV problems confidently.
Table of Contents (25 chapters)
Section 1 - Fundamentals of Deep Learning for Computer Vision
Section 2 - Object Classification and Detection
Section 3 - Image Manipulation
Section 4 - Combining Computer Vision with Other Techniques

Training Fast R-CNN-based custom object detectors

One of the major drawbacks of R-CNN is that it takes considerable time to generate predictions, as generating region proposals for each image, resizing the crops of regions, and extracting features corresponding to each crop (region proposal), constitute the bottleneck.

Fast R-CNN gets around this problem by passing the entire image through the pretrained model to extract features and then fetching the region of features that correspond to the region proposals (which are obtained from selectivesearch) of the original image. In the following sections, we will learn about the working details of Fast R-CNN before training it on our custom dataset.

Working details of Fast R-CNN

Let's understand Fast R-CNN through the following diagram:

Let's understand the preceding diagram through the following steps:

  1. Pass the image through a pretrained model to extract features prior to the flattening layer; let's call the output as feature...