Book Image

Linux Essentials - Second Edition

By : Christine Bresnahan, Richard Blum
Book Image

Linux Essentials - Second Edition

By: Christine Bresnahan, Richard Blum

Overview of this book

Linux Essentials, Second Edition provides a solid foundation of knowledge for anyone considering a career in information technology, for anyone new to the Linux operating system, and for anyone who is preparing to sit for the Linux Essentials Exam. Through this engaging resource, you can access key information in a learning-by-doing style. Hands-on tutorials and end-of-chapter exercises and review questions lead you in both learning and applying new information—information that will help you achieve your goals! With the experience provided in this compelling reference, you can sit down for the Linux Essentials Exam with confidence. An open-source operating system, Linux is a UNIX-based platform that is freely updated by developers. The nature of its development means that Linux is a low-cost and secure alternative to other operating systems, and is used in many different IT environments. Passing the Linux Essentials Exam prepares you to apply your knowledge regarding this operating system within the workforce.
Table of Contents (19 chapters)

Using Commands

One of the most basic features of shell scripts is the ability to run commands. You can use both commands that are built into the shell and external commands—that is, you can run other programs as commands. Most of the commands that you type in a shell prompt are external commands; they’re programs located in /bin, /usr/bin, and other directories on your path. You can run such programs, as well as internal commands, by including their names in the script. You can also specify parameters to such programs in a script. For instance, suppose that you want a script that launches two xterm windows and the KMail mail reader program. Listing 11.1 presents a shell script that accomplishes this goal.

Aside from the first line that identifies it as a script, the script looks just like the commands that you might type to accomplish...