Book Image

C# Data Structures and Algorithms - Second Edition

By : Marcin Jamro
Book Image

C# Data Structures and Algorithms - Second Edition

By: Marcin Jamro

Overview of this book

Building your own applications is exciting but challenging, especially when tackling complex problems tied to advanced data structures and algorithms. This endeavor demands profound knowledge of the programming language as well as data structures and algorithms – precisely what this book offers to C# developers. Starting with an introduction to algorithms, this book gradually immerses you in the world of arrays, lists, stacks, queues, dictionaries, and sets. Real-world examples, enriched with code snippets and illustrations, provide a practical understanding of these concepts. You’ll also learn how to sort arrays using various algorithms, setting a solid foundation for your programming expertise. As you progress through the book, you’ll venture into more complex data structures – trees and graphs – and discover algorithms for tasks such as determining the shortest path in a graph before advancing to see various algorithms in action, such as solving Sudoku. By the end of the book, you’ll have learned how to use the C# language to build algorithmic components that are not only easy to understand and debug but also seamlessly applicable in various applications, spanning web and mobile platforms.
Table of Contents (13 chapters)

Value types

To give you a better understanding of data types, let’s start by analyzing the first group, namely value types. They are further divided into the following categories:

  • Structs encapsulating data and functionalities, which are divided into the following categories:
    • Built-in value types, also referred to as simple types. These are divided into:
      • Integral numeric types
      • Floating-point numeric types
      • Boolean values
      • Unicode UTF-16 characters
    • Value tuples
    • User-defined struct types
  • Constants
  • Enumerations

All of these groups will be described in this section, starting with the simple types.

Integral numbers

The first group of built-in value types are the integral numeric types, which allow you to store various integer values. Similar to other simple types, they can be used either as keywords or as types from the System namespace. Such types differ by the number of bytes used and whether signed or unsigned integral values are represented by them.